Moorish rule in the Algarve resulted in the assimilation of the indigenous cultures, transforming the region into a major economic power.
During the Middle Ages, the parish was officially referred to as Nossa Senhora da Luz.
The relief of the parish is marked by two mountainous areas, Montinhos da Luz (99 metres) and Montinhos do Burgau (68 metres), while four ravines flow from north to south: Ribeira do Vale de Barão, Ribeira de Almadena, Ribeira de Espiche and Ribeira da Luz.
The beach in Praia da Luz is an intermediate-size Blue Flag beach with two distinct zones: the white sand beach and rocky cliff zone, characteristic of the Algarve.
While the waters are typically clean and transparent, its temperatures are variable, owing to the influence of the Atlantic currents.
Demographically, the older parish of Luz was a small centre.
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Following the decline of the Pax Romana, the Algarve began to be threatened by peoples from the lands of ancient Morocco.
The Arabs brought with them many of the fruit orchards that continue to exist in the foothills of Luz.
Within the fortress, a tower was constructed in 1624 and a wall was later added to circle the fortress, by the then Captain-General of the Kingdom of the Algarve, the Count of Pontével.
The origins of the settlement date to the construction of a fortress in the area of Luz, and the presence of fishermen along the coast, especially after the establishment of an industry in the 15th and 16th centuries, The use of the name Praia da Luz is actually a recent trend in the vernacular.