In Canada, self-reported data have shown that violence in spousal and dating relationships affects hundreds of thousands of people and results in both physical and psychological injuries (Burczycka 2016).
In his 2016 Report on the State of Public Health in Canada, Canada’s Chief Public Health Officer identified addressing intimate partner violence as being part of a strategy towards improving multigenerational health, social and economic outcomes of Canadians (Public Health Agency of Canada 2016).
In a deeply split 6-3 decision, the court ruled yesterday the so-called "spanking" defence in Canadian law does not protect or excuse "outbursts of violence against a child motivated by anger or animated by frustration." Still, parents, their stand-in caregivers, and teachers may use reasonable force if it is for "educative or corrective purposes," Chief Justice Beverley Mc Lachlin wrote for the majority. "Criminal Justice Processing of Sexual Assault Cases," Juristat: Service Bulletin. Elder abuse may be defined as "any act of commission or omission that results in harm to an elderly person".Charges will be laid in all spousal abuse cases where reasonable grounds to charge exist.Crown prosecutors are required to prosecute in all spousal abuse cases where a reasonable likelihood of conviction exists. Table 7 Police-reported crime for selected offences, by province and territory, 2012. Federal-Provincial-Territorial (FPT) Forum of Ministers Responsible for the Status of Women. In this section, intimate partner violence includes police-reported violent offences committed against victims aged 15 years and over within an intimate relationship.Using data from the 2015 Uniform Crime Reporting and Homicide surveys, information provided in this section includes analysis of the sex and age of victims, the relationship between victims and accused, the types of violence committed, weapons present during the violent act, as well as some comparisons between victims of spousal violence and victims of other forms of intimate partner violence.Certain categories of abuse, such as assault, sexual assault and criminal harassment (stalking) are crimes under the Criminal Code of Canada.In recent years, a series of amendments have been made to the Criminal Code to strengthen the laws related to spousal abuse.Intimate partner violence includes violence against spouses and dating partners in current and former relationships.Spouses are defined as current or former legally married, separated, divorced, and common-law partners, while dating relationships include current or former boyfriends and girlfriends as well as “other” intimate relationships (sexual relationships or situations involving mutual sexual attraction which were not considered to be boyfriend/girlfriend relationships).