Arab and Swahili sailors knew of Mauritius before the 1500s.Portuguese explorers visited in the early sixteenth century.
They brought small numbers of African slaves and introduced sugarcane to the island.The next census was in 1952, which showed the total population at 501,415.Whites and coloreds were 148,238; Indians once again increased, to 335,327; and the Chinese moved to 17,850.Trouble maintaining the settlements led to their total abandonment in about 1710.Five years later, Dusfrene d'Arsel claimed the island for France.There is unity in being a Mauritian despite not having a shared language and customs.For this reason Mauritius is often considered a global example of successful cultural integration. A total of 790 square miles (2,046 square kilometers) of land cover Mauritius.This was part of a government-based objective to de-emphasize ethnic differences. Government and administrative work is written in English.Results from the 1990 census are as follows: 535,028 Hindus, 172,047 Muslims, and 343,395 Christians, with 6,190 listed as Other. The press uses French, which is understood by more of the population than English.The center can receive up to 200 inches (508 centimeters) a year.The capital is Port Louis, on the northwestern roast of the island of Mauritius. The current population is approximately 1.1 million.