The most common but less injurious form of intimate partner violence is situational couple violence (also known as situational violence), which is conducted by individuals of both genders nearly equally, Intimate partner violence occurs between two people in an intimate relationship.
It may occur between heterosexual or homosexual couples and victims can be male or female.
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IPV can take a number of forms, including physical, verbal, emotional, economic and sexual abuse.
A 2008 systematic review published in journal of Violence and Victims found that despite less serious altercation or violence being equal among both genders, more serious and violent abuse was perpetrated by men.
It was also found that women's use of physical violence was more likely motivated by self-defense or fear whereas men's use of violence was motivated by control.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines intimate partner violence as "any behaviour within an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological or sexual harm to those in the relationship".
The HITS is a four-item scale rated on a 5-point Likert scale from 1 (never) to 5 (frequently).
Women are more likely to act violently in retaliation or self-defense and tend to engage in less severe forms of violence than men whereas men are more likely to commit long-term cycles of abuse than women.This tool was Initially developed and tested among family physicians and family practice offices, and since then has been evaluated in diverse outpatient settings.Internal reliability and concurrent validity are acceptable.If the abuse is more severe, it is more likely to have chronic effects on victims because the long-term effects of abuse tend to be cumulative.Intimate terrorism batterers include two types: "Generally-violent-antisocial" and "dysphoric-borderline".Following are additional relevant gun violence statistics: Updated May 2018: There are numerous sources for the facts and statistics listed above including databases from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Pennsylvania Department of Health, and Mother Jones; research reports from Congressional Research Service, US General Accounting Office, Brady Campaign, and Every Town for Gun Safety; news articles from Mother Jones, Washington Post, New York Times; and many peer-reviewed journal articles.This page was reviewed by physician-scientists from the Violence Prevention Initiative.According to the scientific literature, American children face substantial risk of exposure to firearm injury and death.In 2016, 4,648 young people ages 10-24 were victims of homicide - an average of 13 each day.Violent resistance on its own is non-reciprocal, but is reciprocal when in response to intimate terrorism.In the 1970s and 1980s, studies using large, nationally representative samples resulted in findings indicating that women were as violent as men in intimate relationships.